Maintaining proper hydration is important in injury prevention and
rehabilitation because water lubricates joints, helps blood deliver oxygen to
muscles, and helps to remove waste from inflammatory process. Proper hydration is needed for optimal muscle and joint function.
Recommended amount of water is 8 cups/ day, with approximately 1 cup for every 15-20 minutes during exercise. Hot humid weather (like in Hawaii) and exercise (sweat loss) requires greater amounts of water intake.
Proper nutrition is also important aspect to injury rehabilitation, as protein
is vital for repairing tissue. During an injury where tissues (muscle, joint, or
after surgery) are damaged from injury, it is important to have proper protein
intake for rebuilding tissue. Carbohydrates are also important as they are the
primary source of energy in our body’s systems.
Recommended percentages in diet include the following for the general
This can vary based on activity level, medical conditions (diabetes, high blood
pressure, cholesterol, etc) which require dietary restrictions, and on the
individual. Please consult with your doctor or physical therapist for more
specific guidelines, as medical conditions can affect intake requirements.